Social studies is the integrated study of social sciences and humanities to promote civic competence. As part of the curriculum, Social Studies provides coordinated and systematic study based on disciplines such as anthropology, archaeology, economics, geography, history, law, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, and sociology, as well as the appropriate content of the humanities, mathematics, and natural sciences. Osakwe (2014) defines social science education as “an integrated field of study that seeks to study man in the depths of his dynamic environment and equip him with positive knowledge, attitudes, values and skills to produce competent, humane and effective citizens who can contribute positively to the well-being of society”. To teach social studies in the United States, one must obtain a valid teaching qualification to teach in that state and a valid subject-specific certification in social studies. The social science certification process focuses on the core areas: history, geography, economics, civics, and political science. Each state has specific requirements for the certification process and the teacher must follow the specific guidelines of the state they wish to teach.  The original beginning of the field of social sciences began in the 19th century and developed later in the 20th century. These foundations and building blocks were built in the country of Great Britain in the 1820s before being incorporated into the United States. The theme itself was intended to promote social welfare and its development in countries such as the United States and others. According to Akpochato (2013), social studies is a topic that promotes new and integrated approaches to solving social and environmental problems. In the educational system of the United States (and other countries), social studies is the integrated study of several areas of the social sciences and humanities, including history, geography, and political science. The term was first coined by American educators at the turn of the twentieth century as a collective term for these subjects, as well as for others that did not fit traditional models of lower education in the United States, such as philosophy and psychology.  One of the objectives of social research, especially at the level of higher education, is to integrate multiple disciplines with their unique methods and special objectives into a coherent field of fields that communicate with each other by sharing different “tools” and academic perspectives for a more in-depth analysis of social problems and problems.  Social studies aim to train students in informed and responsible participation in a diverse democratic society. The content of social studies provides the basic knowledge needed to develop reasoned values and opinions, and the focus of the field is civic competence.  A meaning of the word social refers to the interaction of people. By definition, social studies can be thought of as a study of human interaction.
Social studies is not simply a set of knowledge or a set of skills. Instead, social studies is the process of using knowledge and skills to study people as they interact in local, national, and global communities. Learners will understand the rights and duties of citizens and learn to grow in their appreciation of active citizenship. Ultimately, this contributes to their growth as a full participant in the company.  Some of the values that civics courses seek to convey are an understanding of the right to privacy, an appreciation of diversity in American society, and a willingness to work through democratic procedures. One of the curricular tools used in the field of civic education is a congressional audience simulation.  Social science teachers and researchers distinguish between different levels of civic engagement, from minimal engagement or non-engagement of the legal citizen to the most active and responsible level of the transformative citizen. In the social sciences, the field of civic education aims to educate and develop learners into transformative citizens who not only participate in a democracy, but challenge the status quo in the interest of social justice.  However, Famwang (2013) defined social studies as a subject that deals with human groups – people and their environment – around the world. They explained that social studies cover the nature and functions of these human groups; although their structure, organization and interactions within the environment, although the social sciences have derived their content from the social sciences and other related topics such as anthropology, economics, sociology, social psychology, political science, geography and history, among others, it`s not exactly that topic.. .